How To Sand A Wood Table

You may want to update an old table or customize a new table to match your existing furniture. You can sand the wooden table properly if you follow a few steps. There are also a few simple methods for sanding a wood table.

Sanding Wood Table – 8 Steps

Tools Needed:

  • Sandpaper in 100, 150, and 220 grit.
  • Sander.
  • Stain (oil-based)
  • Polyurethane (oil-based).
  • Tack cloth.
  • Brush.
  • Rubber gloves.
  • Long-sleeve shirt.
  • Splash-proof goggles (or similar eye protection).

so let’s start the process with the following sanding methods:

Step 1: Ventilated area

Working with a wooden table in a well-ventilated area will be more convenient. For example, a covered space or an empty garage where you can work without being disturbed by dirt.

Step 2: Clean the table first

Before starting work, clean the table as thoroughly as possible. Work will be ruined if there are any gunk, grime, or stains on the table before you begin sanding. So, for the best results, clean before you start.

Step-3: Sandpaper

When the table is clean, attach 100-grit sandpaper to the sander and start the sending process. The whole table needs to be sanded to remove all the old stains. 

The entire surface of the table, from the top to the feet, must be sanded. It is essential to remove the old finish first but work slowly and with restraint.

Step-4: Smooth

After sanding the table with 100-grip paper, you have to do the same thing again with 150-grip paper. Sanding in the second pass can ensure that the wood is of the same level smooth in all areas. 

Next, we need to pass one end with 220-grit sandpaper.

Step-5: Tack cloth

Clean your table with a tack cloth to remove any loose particles and dirt that may or may not accumulate on the table during sanding. 

Remember, a few passes are required to ensure no dust falls on the table before staining.

Step-6: Stain

There are some general tips to keep in mind when applying stains. It should be stained with natural wood grains. Another rule is that the color is used freely.

Remember, the first coat gets wet very quickly. So you can’t make the table with too many stains because most first coats get soggy too quickly.

Once the whole table is stained, let it sit for 5-10 minutes before removing any extra stains.

Step-7: Wools of Stains

Once the stain is dry, ensure no dirt or dust on the recently applied paint. To remove it, wipe the table again with a tack cloth. After cleaning, two types of wool stains should be used on the table again. 

Make your table look neat and consistent; make sure your brush strokes are long and controlled. Stain coats need to be repeated until the stain is entirely desirable.

Step-8: Apply polyurethane or tung oil

After the last coating of the stain has dried, apply polyurethane or tung oil evenly. There are different tips for using each polyurethane, so check your can label before applying.

Wooden tables are used a lot, so 3-5 oil-based polyurethane or tung oil full coats can shoot a lot to make your newly refined table durable and beautiful.

Before using the table, the final coating of polyurethane or tung oil should be allowed to dry for 24 hours.

Some Mistakes:

  • Sanding a wooden table or surface does not always produce good results, so be aware that some common sanding errors have occurred.
  • If the Sanding pressure is too much, then the result is Swirl marks on the table.
  • Sander must be given the freedom to do his work.
  • Before starting work on the surface, turn on the sander. Also, while the sander was on the surface, it stopped at that time.
  • Low-Grits should be avoided.
  • Don’t take any shortcuts.


  • Wear protective goggles, 
  • A pair of gloves, 
  • a mask for every step.
  • To avoid dust, work in a well-ventilated area.

Final Words

A wooden table, whether new or old, must be sanded. Because if the table is not filed before, the table’s work will be defective.

These steps have shown us how to sand a wooden table quickly and easily. As a result, you can make your table sanding with relative ease.

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